“Higher Education Quality Assurance Principles for the Asia Pacific Region” (Chiba Principles)
The internationalization of higher education creates the need for countries and regions to demonstrate and assure the quality and standards of their higher education systems and programs. There has been increased regional and international cooperation on the development of agreed guidelines and standards to support quality assurance. This interest has been directed towards development of three initiatives comprising: the International Network for Quality Assurance Agencies in Higher Education (INQAAHE) Good Practice Guidelines; the UNESCO/OECD Guidelines for Quality Provision in Cross Border Higher Education; and, the European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA), Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area, which were developed as part of the Bologna Process.
The Asia Pacific region is characterized by a diversity of economic, social and political systems, cultural traditions and values, languages and aspirations. This diversity is reflected in the structure and organization of higher education across the region and national approaches to quality assurance.
In this context it is important to acknowledge the considerable diversity in quality assurance arrangements in the Asia-Pacific Region and provide a basis for establishing agreed frameworks that harmonize local approaches. The need to address these conditions motivated the hosting of a workshop under the Brisbane Communiqué in Chiba, Japan on 18 February 2008 in conjunction with APQN Annual Conference. The workshop provided an opportunity for more than 35 participants from 17 countries to discuss the establishment of principles applicable to the particular context of quality assurance in higher education in the Asia-Pacific region. An important outcome from the meeting was the development of the draft “Chiba Principles” for quality assurance in higher education in the Asia-Pacific.
“Chiba Principles” are designed to provide guidance to both higher education institutions and quality assurance agencies interested in enhancing policies and practices. They are intended to complement national quality assurance approaches and frameworks relating to recognition of qualifications (both domestic and international), institutions, courses and programmes and national registers of institutions, courses and quality assurance agencies...